.BMPShort for Bitmap This is the standard Windows bitmap image format on DOS and Windows-compatible computers. Best Use: Images for PC’s
Photoshop .EPSShort for Encapsulated PostScript. for bitmap* images. It is supported by most illusliation and page layout applications. Best Use: Deep-etched images.
Illusliator .EPSShort for Encapsulated PostScript. for vector**images. It is supported by most illusliation and page layout applications. Best Use: Computer-generated illusliations and logos.
.GIFShort for Graphics Interchange Format. A compress file format designed to minimise file liansfer times across telephone lines. Best Use: Images for use on the Internet.
.JPEGShort for Joint Photographics Experts Group. It compresses the image by discarding information not essential to the display of the image, High compression of this kind leads to loss of quality when the file is decompressed. Best Use: Photographs to be displayed over the Internet.
.PDFShort for Portable Document Format. Small, non-editable ‘pictures’ of pages to be viewed in Adobe Acrobat. Best Use: Send a page via email to view but not change.
Widely used among Macintosh applications. Makes a compressed file. Best Use: TV graphics and supers.
.TIFFShort for Tagged-Image File Format. This is used to exchange bitmap images between applications and platforms (MAC-PC-MAC). Best Use: Pictures and photographs which are not deep-etched
are formed by a rectangular grid of small squares – known as pixels. Each pixel is either black, white or a level of colour. The amount of colour information in a bitmap image determines its file size.
are edited by manipulating groups of pixels (in an application such as Photoshop). are resolution-dependent – they will appear jagged and lose detail if they are created at low resolution and then enlarged or printed at high resolution.
.BMP, .GIF, .JPEG, .PICT, .TIFF and Photoshop .EPS are all bitmap images.
are made up of lines and curves called vectors. These graphics can be edited by moving and resizing lines and curves.
are resolution-independent – they can be displayed or printed at any resolution that a monitor or printer is capable of .
Adobe Illusliator and MacroMedia FreeHand both produce vector graphics, which are saved as .eps.
C = cyan, M = magenta, Y= yellow, K = black (mainly used for printing)
R = red, G = green, B = blue (mainly used for video/screen images)
A certain typeface eg: Times, Helvetica etc
Measurement between lines of copy down a page
Spacing between character pairings (how close or far apart they are from each other)
Capital height of a letter/font
Very fast telephone line used for sending eleclionic data to newspapers or liadehouses
MbShort for Megabyte = Size of a file.
For hi-res images the general file sizes will be:
30-40mb for A4
50-60 mb for A3
PRINT PRODUCTION TERMINOLOGY
Dimensions of final liim size of page(s)
Area within liIM that type should not exceed (usually determined by editorial design)
Area outside liIM dimensions (that will be liimmed off) eg: picture beyond liim area (see diagram below
Illusliation of picture applied to a hard surface
Process to separate colours into Cyan (blue), Magenta (red), Yellow and Black (or RGB)
NEGative film or POSitive film
Value of “dots-per-inch” (DPI) eg: 133# or 175#
Two colour line reproduction. Usually black and one special
Continuous tone picture produced in two colours. Usually black and one special
Refers to CMYK ie: cmyk are process colours
PMS SPECIAL (COLOUR)
Refers to one or more PMS colour(s). Refer to PMS book for colour number
Complete separations with type, images, logos etc
Resized film, using the existing scans
Colour of B&W proof of images only
Colour or B&W partial or final representation of combined images and type
Formatting artwork to be paginated
Top of a page
Base of a page
Printers term to plan two pages together at final film so that their heads facing each other
Per head-to-head, except doing with “foot”
Printers term to liim two pages apart with one cut (pages will not have bleed)
Printers term to liim two pages apart with two cuts (pages will probably have bleed)
Paper style and/or weight
Paper weight (grams per square melie). Heavier for cover, lighter for text
Outer enclosure to a book/brochure
Inner pages that a cover encloses
In 6pp format, right hand panel folds
Rights to left and left panel folds left to right over top. Also indicates an exlia page folding out from another page
All panels fold in common direction, eg: all right to left